Postpartum, Pregnancy, Pregnancy Journey

What is the Difference Between Gynecology and Obstetrics?

What is the Difference Between Gynecology and Obstetrics

You are not the only one who doesn’t know what’s the difference between gynecology and obstetrics. It is very confusing since they are so similar to one another.

However, knowing the difference is important because each specializes in different fields. Knowing the different would help you understand which doctor you need, an obstetrician or a gynecologist.

Luckily, there are many doctors who are both an obstetrician and a gynecologist. Choosing an ob/gyn would help you when you can’t understand the difference between the two fields of science.

However, if you are interested in learning more, this post would definitely help you out; so keep reading.

In this post, the following will be discussed. 

  • What is obstetrics?

  • What is gynecology?

  • What is the difference between Obstetrics vs Gynecology?

  • Are there similarities between obstetrics and gynecology?

  • What is an ob/gyn?
  • Obstetricians vs gynecologists: Roles


I am not a doctor. This post is for educational purposes only and you should not take it as medical advice. Also, this post may contain affiliate links.

I may earn a small commission if you buy something at no additional cost to you.

What is the Difference Between Gynecology and Obstetrics

What is obstetrics?

Obstetrics is the science the revolves around pregnancy and all of its stages. That includes the journey of pregnancy, labor and delivery and the postpartum period.

It is the science that ensures that the mother is healthy during pregnancy and makes sure that she goes through the pregnancy in the best matter, she stays healthy after the birth, and she has a healthy baby.

They work with other types of doctors to ensure the baby is okay.

What is gynecology?

Gynecology is the science that revolves around anything that is specific to women. That includes any diseases that may affect only women and diseases that affect the reproductive system of females.

It not only revolves around medicine that treats these diseases, but includes all the forms of treatment including surgery.

What is the difference between Gynecology and Obstetrics?

So, the main difference between obstetrics and gynecology is that obstetrics only solves problems related to pregnancy, birth and afterbirth; whereas, gynecology studies everything about women when not pregnant.

Most of the time, doctors specialize in both since they are related. Pregnant and women are very much related, so usually pregnancy women visit an ob/gyn when pregnant or trying to conceive.

If you are pregnant or trying to conceive you should visit an obstetrician. If you are not trying to conceive and would like to have routine tests done or get a female issue solved, you can visit and gynecologist. You could also just choose an ob/gyn which solves all female related problems.

Are there similarities between obstetrics and gynecology?

Yes, there are similarities between obstetrics and gynecology, and that is they are both related to women. Theses sciences of medicine have nothing to do with males.

All the issues that obstetrics and gynecology solve revolve around the reproductive systems of females. Due to this, many doctors specialize in both. That makes it easier for us, patients, to get the care we need.

What is an ob/gyn?

What is the Difference Between Gynecology and Obstetrics

An obstetrician gynecologist is an ob/gyn. It is a doctor that specializes in both science, obstetrics and gynecology. Many doctors choose both fields because they are very similar to one another.

An OBGYN treats problems in women whether young or old. This doctor gives routine female health checks, solves problems related to the reproductive organs of females, monitors women during pregnancy, labor and birth, and postpartum period.

To find the best ob-gyn for you, you should read reviews and choose one that fits your personality. That is because it is very important for you to be able to trust your ob-gyn.

Obstetricians vs Gynecologists Roles

Roles of Obstetricians

  • They will monitor the baby when you are pregnant by using ultrasound.
  • Give pregnancy tests.
  • They will order routine tests and other tests if necessary.
  • Obstetricians monitor high-risk pregnancies .
  • They will prepare your body for labor.
  • They will be present during the birth of your baby.
  • Obstetricians intervene if there is something wrong.
  • They will monitor you before leaving the hospital.
  • You will see them again after birth in order to make sure everything is going well.
  • They will talk to you about ways to prevent another pregnancy unless you want to get pregnant.

Roles of Gynecologists

  • They treat diseases or problems in the female reproductive system like endometriosis, polyps, cysts, and fibroids.
  •  You can also discuss infertility with a gynecologist.
  • They treat cancers related to women like ovarian cancer and cervical cancer. Gynecologists treat other cancers related to females too.
  • They do breasts examinations and treat issues with the breasts.
  • You can also discuss contraceptives with them.
  • They perform routine tests like pap smears.
  • Some do surgeries like sterilization and laparoscopies in the pelvic area.

Conclusion: What is the Difference Between a Gynecology and Obstetrics?

What is the Difference Between Gynecology and Obstetrics

Knowing the difference between gynecology and obstetrics is very important. Even though both sciences are very related to one another, they solves different types diseases and problems related to women.

The easiest way to remember the difference between a gynecologist and an obstetrician is by deciding whether your issues have to do with pregnancy or not.

Remember, visit an obstetrician if you are trying to conceive or are pregnant, and visit a gynecologist if you are not pregnant and are not trying to conceive. You could also just choose both, an OBGYN.

0 0 votes
Article Rating
Notify of

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Inline Feedbacks
View all comments